Foreign citizens who wish to enter the US must first obtain a visa, a document that is attached to the passport by the authorities to indicate that it has been examined and has been considered valid to enter the country, regulating its transit and temporary stay or definitive.
There are numerous visas types, which are granted according to the reasons for the trip and there are a series of requirements to be met, and a methodology must be followed in order to obtain it.
How many types of US visas are there?
There are approximately 185 US visa types, with 2 main categories:
- Nonimmigrant Visa: For temporary stays such as tourism, business, family visits, study, work or transit.
- Immigrant Visa: For permanent residence in the United States.
What are the different types of US visas?
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- Transit Visa: Allows a person to make a stopover in one country and then continue their journey to another. It’s specifically used for stopovers of 3 days, maximum.
- Tourist Visa: It’s granted to those who wish to travel to a country for tourist reasons. It doesn’t allow you to work or do business in a foreign country. It lasts between 1 and 6 months.
- Work Visa: Its purpose is to work and do business in a foreign country. It’s renewable and is valid for a long time abroad.
- Student Visa: Specific to study abroad. To process it, the person must be enrolled in the university, college or institute of the foreign country.
- Diplomatic Visa: Exclusive for people with diplomatic positions and who go abroad for work issues, visits to embassies, etc.
- Journalist Visa: This visa is specifically for journalists, in case they have to make a specific story, carry out investigations or cover certain events. It’s short-lived.
- Marriage Visa: In the event that a person marries a foreign person, you can request this document.
- Entry Visa: This document is required by governments to organize the entry of foreigners.
Within the Entry Visa, there is the Passport Visa, which allows the visit of a country with an indefinite duration and the Immigration Visa, which allows a foreigner to live in a country permanently.
- Exit Visa: Some countries require this visa, which allows citizens to leave the country abroad. These countries are usually the ones that are suffering from serious economic conditions, political problems or major socio-economic conflicts.
American Visa Categories
Among of US visa categories we have:
- Type A Visa
For diplomats or foreign officials. It’s divided into 3 categories:
- A1 Visa: It’s granted to foreign diplomats traveling on an official mission to the US.
- A2 Visa: For intermediate rank military officials who are assigned to an embassy or consulate in the US.
- G1 to D-5 Visa: Requested by NATO workers.
- Type B Visa
It’s granted to travelers who are going to stay in the US for a maximum of 6 months. There are 2 categories:
- B1 Visa: It’s granted to those who travel for business reasons.
- B2 Visa: For tourists.
- Type F Visa
Visa issued for academic and vocational purposes. Depending on the academic area and the institution, the correspondence will process type F or M.
- F-1 Visa: For academic students.
- F-2 Visa: Relatives of holders of F-1 visas.
- Type M Visa
- M-1 Visa: For non-academic studies.
- Type J Visa
Awarded to exchange visitors.
- J-1 Visa: For people who participate in exchange programs and who are employed in the US.
- Type Q Visa
It’s given to visitors of international cultural exchange.
- Type E Visa
- E1/E2 Visa: It’s granted to foreign workers whose countries have trade agreements with the US.
- E-3 Visa: For Australian skilled workers.
- Type H Visa
It’s granted to foreigners to work in the US and allows multiple entries in a period of 1 year.
- H-1B Visa: For foreign workers with occupations that require specialized knowledge.
- H-2A Visa: It’s granted to temporary agricultural workers.
- H-2B Visa: It’s given to temporary workers who perform other services.
- H-3 Visa: For special education learners.
- Type I Visa
For foreign journalists and media.
- Type L Visa
It’s a work visa type, which is granted in those cases in which there is a transfer of employees within the same organization.
- L-1A Visa: Transfer of executives to managers.
- L-1B Visa: It’s granted to specialized professionals.
- L2 Visa: For dependents of L1 visa.
- Type O Visa
Work visa, which is issued to people with extraordinary abilities in the arts, business, science or education.
- O-1 Visa: For people with extraordinary abilities.
- O-2 Visa: For assistants of O-1 visa holders.
- O-3 Visa: For dependents of the O-1 holders.
- Type P Visa
For athletes, artist or entertainers and their spouses and children.
- P-1 Visa: It’s granted to individual or team athletes.
- P-2 Visa: For artists presenting under an exchange program.
- P-3 Visa: It is given to an artist or entertainer of a unique cultural program.
- P-4 Visa: For the spouse or child under 21 years of age of the holders of the P-1, P-2 and P-3 visas.
- Type R Visa
- R-1 Visa: It’s given to religious workers who want to practice their worship within the US.
- EB Type Visa
They are awarded to permanent workers or investors.
- EB-1 Visa: It’s granted to priority workers with special abilities, outstanding professors and researchers or to executives and managers of foreign companies.
- EB-2 Visa: For professionals with an advanced degree.
- EB-3 Visa: It’s given to unskilled workers.
- EB-4 Visa: For special immigrants.
- EB-5 Visa: For those who want to invest in a business in the US.
- Type C Transit Visa
It allows foreigners to enter the US and remain in the territory for a short period. Ideal for travelers whose final destination is another country but want to take a short break and don’t have a B1 or B2 visa.
- Crewmember Visa Type D
Applies to crew members of aircraft or ships who need to stay temporarily in US. It includes pilots, co-pilots and other flight attendants, as well as hostesses and flight attendants.
- Type V Visa
Through this visa, the aim is to keep families together while they wait for the processing and approval of an immigrant visa.
- Type T Visa/Type U Visa
Specials for victims of crime and human trafficking.
- Type K-1 Visa
It’s known as a engaged Visa. It’s used for a US citizen to bring to the United States the person with whom they is engaged in marriage, to marry and live in American territory.
- Type S Visa
It’s given to informants and witnesses of criminal activities who support the investigations of the American government.
Stay tuned to our publications because we are going to continue delving into this interesting subject and remember that at Tramites de Inmigracion USA Corp we carry out all these procedures corresponding to obtaining the American visa for immigrants and non-immigrants, providing you with the best advice and support.
Obtaining your visa doesn’t have to be a complicated process!
Don’t hesitate to contact us, our experienced team will attend to your particular legal needs in a very professional and confidential way.
Contact us by calling 1 (786) 776-7152 or 1 (786) 786-5088.