Citizenship Exam


When a person goes through the naturalization process to obtain American citizenship, they must undergo a test, known as the Citizenship Exam.

In the administration of President Donald Trump, the citizenship test was modified to a new version that applies from December 1, 2020, presenting a greater degree of difficulty for those who aspire to be North American citizens, generating a harsh rejection by of groups and organizations that defend the rights of immigrants.

Currently, the administration of President Joe Biden considered discarding the test that was imposed by President Trump and due to policy changes; those who apply for the citizenship test have the option of submitting the 2020 or 2008 version. As of April 19, 2021, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS, for its acronym in English) will only administer the 2008 version of the civics test.

What is the citizenship test?

It’s the last step that must be taken to obtain US citizenship and consists of a test that is carried out through an interview conducted by a USCIS agent. The purpose of this test is to verify how prepared a person is in terms of civic knowledge and proficiency in the English language, which determines if they qualify for US citizenship.

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Who can take the citizenship test?

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The citizenship test can be taken by those people who have been legal permanent residents for 5 years, or for 3, in the case of permanent residents married to American citizens and who have a family and working life established in the United States.

What knowledge do you need to have to take the citizenship test?

To take the citizenship test, it’s necessary to have general knowledge about the country: geography, politics, history, government, national symbols, holidays and customs.

What does the citizenship test consist of?

The citizenship test is divided into 2 parts:

  • Civic Education Test: This part consists of 100 questions, of which the agent in charge of the interview will only ask 10. 60% of the questions must be answered correctly to pass.
  • English Test: Reading, writing and speaking English will be assessed.

What are the most common questions for the citizenship test?

In addition to the personal questions that are asked in the interview, in the civics part, the knowledge one has in relation to the history, government and laws of the United States are put to the test.

Here are some of the most frequently asked questions:

  • What is the supreme law of US?
  • What does the Constitution do?
  • What does “We the people” mean in the Constitution?
  • What did the Declaration of Independence do?
  • What are the rights of the Declaration of Independence?
  • What type of economic system does the United States have?
  • What are the two parts that make up the United States Congress?
  • Name one of the current Senators from the state where you live.
  • Why are there 13 stripes on the flag?
  • When do we celebrate Independence Day?

What is the possibility of taking the citizenship test in Spanish?

Depending on the age, USCIS considers some cases that are considered as exceptions for the English test. These cases are:

  • People over 50 years old, with 20 years as legal permanent residents.
  • People over 55 years of age, with more than 15 years as legal permanent residents.

It’s important to clarify that although they have the benefit of taking the exam in Spanish, for the civic test these people must have the presence of a bilingual interpreter, who is fully fluent in both English and Spanish.

Where can I get study material?

USCIS provides on its page the study material necessary for the exam, they have a 100-question questionnaire on civic education, as well as videos and practice exercises.

If the citizenship test is not passed, can it be retaken?

Yes, if not approved, it can be resubmitted within 60 to 90 days after the date of the initial interview.

It must be taken into account that only 2 opportunities are granted to take the citizenship test, so that failure to pass it in any of the 2 attempts generates the rejection of the application and you will have to start the whole process over again. Similarly, failure to pass the exam does not represent any negative consequence for the applicant’s immigration status.

What are the reasons why American citizenship is denied?

There are several reasons why American citizenship can be denied, some of the most significant are:

  • If USCIS proves that, you have debt in the payment of taxes.
  • If you evade or cannot prove the payment of support for minor children who do not live with you.
  • In the case of men, if they were legal permanent residents while they were between 18 and 26 years old, they didn’t register in the Selective Service System. The consequences of the lack of registration depend on the age of the applicant:
  • Men under 26 years old: They still have time to register before submitting their application.
  • Men between 26 and 31 years old: The citizenship application will be denied, unless it can demonstrate that the lack of registration was not intentional.
  • Men over 31 years old: The application will not be denied. Therefore, if you did not register with the Selective Service when required, it’s best to wait until you are 31 before applying.
  • Faults in morals: Understands inappropriate behavior that USCIS will consider. In case of having committed minor crimes, you will not be able to take the request until after 5 years of having committed the offense. If major crimes such as homicide or others that are considered within this category have been committed, citizenship will be denied.

If you are thinking of taking the citizenship exam, at Tramites de Inmigracion Corp we have a team of experts specialized in immigration law, who will help and guide you step by step throughout the entire process. Consult us and achieve your dream of be an American citizen!

Don’t miss the chance! Call now at 1 (786) 776-7152 or 1 (786) 786-5088.

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